National Board Exam (NBCE).        Parts I, II, III, IV (practical) and state boards.

USMLE I, II, IICS, & III.

COMLEX I, II, IICS, III.    Students often take both USMLE and COMLEX

Minimum 10 years.  

                                                         

4 year Undergraduate degree, plus four years medical school, plus 2-8 years residency training, and may go on for 1-3 years additional fellowship training.

Years of Education

Chiropractor (D.C.)

May specialize in any field of medical or surgical specialty, including OMM (18 osteopathic specialties plus 24 allopathic)

1 year internship that coincides with clinical courses while in training.          No residency is required, but have the option to complete one if desired and accepted.   

3-8 years

depending on specialty.   

3-8 years

depending on specialty.   Most OMM specialists complete OMM subspecialty training (1-2 years in addition to 3-8)

Residency Training

licensing Exams

Comparative Training

Fully-licensed to prescribe medications.

Fully-licensed to prescribe medications.

May specialize in 10 fields: orthopedics, pediatrics, Rehab, Internal disorders, radiology, neurology, nutrition, acupuncture, occupational health, sports physician.

May specialize in any field of medical or surgical specialty, except OMM

(24 allopathic specialties)

Medication Prescribing Rights

Board Certification/ Specialization

Allopathic Physician (M.D.)

Choice of a physician is a very personal one, and there are phenomenal D.O.s, chiropractors, and MDs.  This chart is in no way meant to disparage other professions, but merely to give the interested a visual reference on the scope of training involved for osteopathic physicians. 

Not licensed to prescribe medications.  New Mexico has recently allowed limited prescribing rights.

Minimum 7 years.


Some require 4 year undergraduate degree while others college credit, plus four or five years chiropractic school. Some may go on for additional residency training.

Minimum 10 years.  

                                                         

4 year Undergraduate degree, plus four years medical school, plus 2-8 years residency training, and may go on for 1-3 years additional fellowship training.

Osteopathic Physician (D.O.)